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Scottish Aviation
Beagle Bulldog

A successful military trainer developed from the civilian Beagle Pup.
Scottish Aviation Bulldog G-AXIG G-AXIG was the first Bulldog completed by Scottish Aviation at Prestwick. It is seen here flying in Swedish Air Force colours.
 
The B.125 Bulldog was developed by Beagle Aircraft at Shoreham as a more powerful military trainer version of the Beagle B.121 Pup.
 
It is fully aerobatic and features an enlarged, fully-transparent sliding canopy and an increased wingspan when compared with the Beagle Pup.
 
It is fitted with a 200 hp Lycoming engine  driving a two-blade variable pitch propeller.
 
The first prototype Bulldog (G-AXEH) flew at Beagle's south-coast factory on 19th May 1969.
 
Unfortunately, later that same year saw the failure of Beagle Aircraft Limited following the withdrawal of government financial support and despite a full order book.
 
Responsibility for the type was transferred to Scottish Aviation whose first example (G-AXIG) flew on 14th February 1971, this aircraft having been initially registered by Beagle as their second B.125.
 
Scottish Aviation Bulldog XX513 An air-to-air photograph of XX513, the first Scottish Aviation Bulldog T.1 delivered to the Royal Air Force.
 
Both aircraft (G-AXEH and G-AXIG) were used by Scottish Aviation as demonstrators with one (G-AXIG) painted in Swedish Air force colours as ‘005’. This aircraft, which was originally flown on 14th February 1971, was subsequently sold on the civil market and for a number of years operated out of Compton Abbas Airfield in Wiltshire.
 
The S.A. Bulldog was also reasonably successful in the export market with sales of 78 aircraft to the Swedish Air Force, as well as several mainly African nations.  In the UK, the RAF purchased 130 aircraft for use as the Bulldog T Mk 1 Basic Trainer.
 
Scottish Aviation Bulldog 120 G-BHZP Botswana G-BHZP OD-3 was the single Scottish Aviation Bulldog delivered to the Botswana Defence Force.
 
The Swedish order was initially received by Beagle Aircraft although it was subsequently fulfilled by Scottish Aviation Limited who thereafter continued production at Prestwick, under the banner of newly-formed British Aerospace.
 
Scottish Aviation Bulldog 128 HKG-5 G-BULL G-BULL is a Bulldog 128 operating in the colours of the Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force.
 
One aircraft (G-BDOG) was fitted with a retractable undercarriage and displayed at Farnborough Air Show in 1976, bearing the type name ‘Bullfinch’. This version did not actually enter production however and is currently registered as a Bulldog 200.
 
In addition to Sweden, export customers also included Botswana, Ghana, Hong Kong, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Malaysia, and Nigeria.
 
Scottish Aviation Bullfinch G-BDOG Cranfield G-BDOG is the sole retractable undercarriage Scottish Aviation Bullfinch, or Bulldog 200, seen taking off from Cranfield.
 
Following the withrawal of the type from its RAF Basic Training, University Air Squadron and Air Experience roles in 2001, 'civilianised' Bulldogs became popular in private and flying club ownership as the type offers good aerobatic performance, excellent handling qualities and good all-round view from the cockpit.
 
Scottish Aviation Bulldog 125 G-DISA G-DISA is an ex-Jordanian Bulldog modified for the instruction of pilots with disabilities.
 
In October 2018, some 55 examples appeared on the British Civil Aircraft Register, several of which are operated in their original RAF or export colour schemes.
 
 
Scottish Aviation Bulldog Old Warden Oct 18 XX513 G-KKKK XX513, the first RAF Bulldog, is now registered G-KKKK and seen here at Old Warden in October 2018.
 
A total of two prototypes, 320 production aircraft and a single Bulldog 200 / Bullfinch were built.

Numbers & Variants

 Bulldog 100 / 101 78 aircraft designated Sk 61 by the Swedish Air Force
 Bulldog 100 / 102 15 aircraft to Royal Malaysian Air Force
 Bulldog 100 / 103 5 aircraft to Kenya Air Force 
 Bulldog 100 / 104 Refurbished second prototype G-AXIG, delivered to private owner
 Bulldog 120 / 121 130 T.Mk.1 aircraft to Royal Air Force, first example being XX513.
 Bulldog 120 / 122 6 aircraft to Ghana Air Force.
 Bulldog 120 / 122A 7 aircraft to Ghana Air Force.
 Bulldog 120 / 123 37 aircraft for Nigerian Air Force.
 Bulldog 120 / 124 Company demonstrator G-ASAL.
 Bulldog 120 / 125 13 aircraft for Royal Jordanian Air Academy, later transferred to the Jordanian Air Force.
 Bulldog 120 / 125A 9 aircraft for Jordanian Air Force.
 Bulldog 120 / 126 6 aircraft for Lebanese Air Force.
 Bulldog 120 / 127 9 aircraft for Kenya Air Force.
 Bulldog 120 / 128 2 aircraft  for Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force.
 Bulldog 100 / 129 One aircraft for a civil customer in Venezuela.
 Bulldog 120 / 1210 One aircraft for Botswana Defence Force – originally designated Bulldog 130
B.125 Bulldog 200 Improved version of Bulldog Series 120 with retractable landing gear. Marketed as Bullfinch G-BDOG.
Total production 323 aircraft including 2 prototypes, 1 Bullfinch and 320 production aircraft.

Specification

Powerplant One 200 hp Lycoming IO-360-A1B6 engine                                                      
Span 33 ft 1.85 in
Maximum Weight 2,350 lb
Capacity  Instructor and student pilot. Provision for light underwing stores.
Maximum Speed 150 mph
Cruise Speed 120 – 140 mph
Maximum range 621 miles (no reserves)

Survivors

In addition to the aircraft that remain active on the UK and other civil registers, the followig aircraft may be found on display at UK museums.
 
G-AXIG Bulldog 104 National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland

www.nms.ac.uk/national-museum-of-scotland/

XX634 Bulldog T.1 Newark Air Museum, Nottinghamshire www.newarkairmuseum.org
XX654 Bulldog T.1 Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, Shropshire www.rafmuseum.org.uk/cosford
Bulldog T.1 172 (Haywards Heath) Sqn ATC, Haywards Heath TA Centre, Sussex