The Hawker Hector was the final aircraft to be derived directly from the Hawker Hart and served with the RAF between 1937 and 1940.
It was designed, against Specification 14/25 to replace the Hawker Audax in the Army co-operation role.
The airframe was based on that of the Hawker Hind, but making use of the more powerful (and heavier) 805 hp 24-cylinder Napier Dagger ‘H-engine’. Because the increased engine weight moved the aircraft centre of gravity forward, the Hector’s upper wing was unswept, unlike all other Hart derivative aircraft.
The first prototype (K3719) was first flown on 14th February 1936 with Hawker Test Pilot George Bulman at the controls.
178 production aircraft were built, this being contracted to Westland Aircraft Ltd with deliveries being completed between February and December 1937. This decision to outsource the production was undoubtedly taken so that Hawker could give priority to the production of the Hurricane fighter.
The main external difference between the prototype and the production aircraft was that the latter were fitted with tailwheels, rather than the tailskid used by the prototype.
The Hector entered service in February 1937 with 4 Sqn, based at Odiham although during 1939 it was withdrawn from service with front-line squadrons, being replaced by the Westland Lysander. It continued in service however with five Auxiliary Air Force squadrons and it was flown operationally against German forces in northern France in 1940.
On 26th May 1940, six Hectors of 613 Sqn dive-bombed German forces near Calais and then carried out supply drops to British troops the following day.
Following the withdrawal from France, the 72 Hector aircraft that remained on RAF strength were relegated to target and glider towing duties in support of 38 Group Training Units, operating from several locations, including Croughton, Thame, Wellesbourne Mountford, Weston-on the-Green, Kidlington and Shobdon.
Thirteen ex-RAF aircraft were subsequently supplied to the Irish Air Corps for general purpose use.
Variants & Numbers
|Hector I||Total 179 aircraft: one prototype and 178 production aircraft from Westland Aircraft Ltd.|
|Powerplants||One 805 hp Napier Dagger IIIMS 24-cylinder engine|
|Span||36 ft 11.5 ins|
|Maximum Weight||4,910 lb|
|Capacity and armament||Two crew; one forward firing 0.303 Vickers machine gun, one Lewis Gun on a Hawker mounting in rear cockpit, provision for mounting one F-24 camera and underwing racks for flares, and two 112 lb bombs or supply containers.|
|Maximum Speed||187 mph at 6,560 ft|
|Endurance||2 hr 25 min|