De Havilland Aircraft of Canada
De Havilland Aircraft of Canada Limited was established in 1928 at De Lesseps Field, Toronto although they relocated to Downsview just a year later in order to build
De Havilland DH60 Moth
aircraft for the training of Canadian airmen. Over 1,700 of the 7,000 Tiger Moths produced were built in Canada, the majority being the DH82C closed cockpit version.
During World War II, De Havilland Aircraft of Canada also produced the
De Havilland Mosquito
, one of the fastest aircraft of the war at 425mph.
Some 1,134 aircraft were built in Canada and although a number were lost during transportation, over 500 were delivered to the UK.
After the war the company began designing and building indigenous aircraft, especially those best suited to the harsh Canadian environment. The first true De Havilland Canada type was the
DHC1 Chipmunk which was also selected as the standard primary trainer for the RAF in the UK and is still a favourite amongst pilots today.
A number of aircraft designed specifically for Canadian Operators followed such as the
DHC3 Otter and
DHC4 Caribou, the latter being a tactical transport aircraft for the US and Canadian Army.
Air to air photograph of De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk prototype CF-DIO-X
De Havilland Aircraft of Canada became part of the
Hawker Siddeley Group
during the take-over of the parent
De Havilland Aircraft Company
in 1959. After a short period, they were eventually merged with Avro Canada (who were already part of the Hawker Siddeley Group) although the De Havilland Canada brand still continued.
In the 1970s, De Havilland Aircraft of Canada turned its focus to commercial feeder-liners with short take-off and landing (STOL) capabilities in areas of strict noise limits. Even today, many
DHC7 Dash 7 and
DHC8 Dash 8 aircraft are still in daily operation around the world.
In 1980, the Canadian Government forced the privatisation of De Havilland Aircraft of Canada and in 1986 it sold the company to Boeing. The company and name is now in the ownership of Bombardier Aerospace.
||De Havilland Aircraft Limited
||De Havilland Aircraft of Canada Ltd
||DHC-2 Beaver / DHC-2T Turbo Beaver
||DHC-6 Twin Otter
||DHC-7 Dash 7
||DHC-8 Dash 8