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Blackburn B-1
Segrave

A twin engine light commercial aircraft originating with Sir Henry Segrave.
Blackburn Saro Segrave Meteor G-AAXP G-AAXP was the original Saro-built Seacrave Meteor prototype, seen at Brough in 1931.
 
The background to this light four seat twin-engine touring aircraft reflects two commercial relationships.
 
The first was the association between Sir Henry Segrave (holder of the world’s land speed record) and Saunders Roe Aircraft Ltd (SARO). The second was that between SARO and the Blackburn Aeroplane Company.
 
Sir Henry was the Technical Director of the Aircraft Investment Corporation, who originated the design as the Segrave Meteor.
 
Detailed development and prototype construction was entrusted to Saunders-Roe within who the Corporation had financial interests. It was the Isle of Wight concern who eventually built the prototype Saro-Segrave Meteor (G-AAXP) at Cowes, where it was first flown on 28th May 1930.
 
In the late 1920s however, Blackburn Aircraft had produced the Blackburn Bluebird (described separately elsewhere on this website) as a direct competitor to the De Havilland Gipsy Moth. However, the pressure and demand of military work led to Blackburn sub-contracting Saro for the production of the Bluebird IV, of which they built at least 55 aircraft.
 
Despite this, it was agreed that production of the Segrave Meteor (later Blackburn Segrave I) would be undertaken by Blackburn Ltd with the chief design change for the production machine being the introduction of a metal stressed-skin fuselage in place of the prototype’s wooden fuselage.
 
Blackburn CA18 Segrave I G-ABFP G-ABFP was the first Blackburn CA18 Segrave I with metal fuselage structure.
 
Blackburn began production of three aircraft (G-ABFP, G-ABFR and G-ABZJ) but the program received a serious blow with the tragic death of Sir Henry on Lake Windermere on 13th June 1930, as a result of an accident in his speedboat Miss England II.
 
The prototype (G-AAXP) still took part in the 1930 King’s Cup Race but it was forced to retire with engine trouble. It raced again in 1932 but was let down on the second day by a broken fuel pipe at Filton. It was then flown to Rome for sales demonstrations and this resulted in a contract for licensed production by Piaggio, who are reported to have completed two aircraft as the Piaggio P.12.
 
One of the production aircraft (G-ABFP) was delivered in March 1931. After touring Spain it returned to Brough to have a new tailplane fitted, flying under test with a Class B registration (B-1). In 1933, new owner flew it as far as Nairobi, returning to the UK in October. It was subsequently used by Blackburn for further testing after being fitted with two 120 hp Cirrus Hermes IVA engines.
 
Blackburn CA18 Segrave I G-ABFR The second Blackburn CA18 Segrave I with modified tail unit.
 
Another of the production aircraft (G-ABFR) was first flown on 26th April 1932 and transferred to North Sea Aerial & General Transport Ltd, before moving to Redhill Flying Club in May 1936. It remained with them until being withdrawn from use in February 1938.
 
The third production aircraft (G-ABZJ) remained incomplete until Blackburn decided to use it to test a new form of monospar wing construction with a tubular spar, known as the Duncanson wing. The new wing featured an increased taper compared with the original and part of the spar also served as a fuel tank.
 
Blackburn Segrave Meteor II Duncanson monospar construction Structure of the Duncanson monospar wing for the Blackburn CA20 Segrave II.
 
The wing resulted in a significant reduction in empty weight.
 
As a result, the final aircraft, now known as the Blackburn CA20 Segrave II (re-registered G-ACMI) was fitted with two Gipsy major engines and a fifth seat, without any increase in gross weight. It was first flown on 2nd February 1934 but had a relatively short life being broken up in October 1935.
 
Blackburn CA20 Segrave II G-ACMI G-ACMI is the Blackburn CA20 Segrave II fitted with the Duncanson monospar wing.
 
The Duncanson wing was intended for use on the Blackburn B-9 or HST 10, which is described separately elsewhere on this website.

Variants & Numbers Built

Prototype                      G-AAXP Saro Seagrave Meteor
Seagrave I Two production aircraft, G-ABFP, G-ABFR
Seagrave II  Started build as Seagrave I G-ABZJ; completed with Duncanson monspar wing as G-ACMI.
Piaggio P.12 Licence build of Saro Seagrave Meteor. Two aircraft reported to have flown.
Total  3 in UK, 2 in Italy

Specifications

  Saro Seagrave Meteor Seagrave I Seagrave II
Powerplant Two 120 hp De Havilland Gipsy II Two 130hp DH Gipsy Major
Span 39 ft 6 in 41 ft 6 in
Maximum Weight 2,948 lb  3,300 lb  3,300 lb
Capacity  Four seats Five seats
Maximum Speed 132 mph  138 mph 142 mph
Cruise speed 110 mph 112 mph 120 mph
Range normal (max) 340 (450) miles 300 miles

Survivors

No Segrave aircraft survive.