The Vickers Supermarine Attacker was the first jet fighter to enter squadron service with the Royal Navy.
The design was developed by Supermarine Aviation Works against Specification E.1/44, later modified to E.10/44, for a jet fighter with a laminar flow wing and a single jet engine. Vickers Supermarine married what was essentially the wing of the Vickers Supermarine Spiteful to a new fuselage with bifurcated intakes feeding a Rolls-Royce Nene engine.
Although initially developed to an RAF requirement, the new design was ultimately developed for carrier service. To modern eyes, the type is unusual both for its unswept wing and tailwheel undercarriage (with twin tail-wheels).
The first of three prototypes, a Type392 (TS409) was flown on 27th July1946.
Production aircraft, built to Specification E.1/45, featured a range of modifications, including revised fin and tailplane and increased internal fuel capacity and were designated as the Type 398 Attacker F.1.
A large external ventral fuel tank was introduced, along with an extended dorsal fin and folding wing tips.
The first production aircraft (WA469) was not flown until 5th May 1950.
The type entered service with 800 Sqn at RAF Ford Aerodrome, West Sussex in August 1951 although it had a relatively brief service life, being progressively replaced by the Hawker Sea Hawk from 1954 onward.
50 Vickers Supermarine Attacker F.1 aircraft were followed by a ground attack variant, the Vickers Supermarine Attacker FB.1, of which 11 were built and together with the Vickers Supermarine Attacker FB.2 of which 85 were built. in total, three prototypes and 146 production aircraft were supplied to the Royal Navy.
36 additional Vickers Supermarine Attacker Type 538 land-based aircraft were also built for the Pakistan Air Force which remained in service until 1964.
|Powerplant||One 5,000 lb thrust Rolls-Royce Nene 3 (FB.2 Nene 101)|
|Span||36 ft 11 in|
|Maximum Weight||12,211 lb|
|Capacity and armament||Pilot only, 4 20 mm Hispano cannon, provision (FB Marks) for underwing carriage of four 300 lb rockets or two 1,000 lb bombs|
|Maximum Speed||590 mph at sea level|
|Range||1,190 miles at 355 mph with overload tank|
|Attacker F.1||50 aircraft with revised fin and tailplane, folding wings and increased fuel capacity|
|Attacker FB.1||11 built; ground attack variant|
|Attacker FB.2||85 built; improved ground attack variant with Nene 102 engine|
|Type 538||36 built; land-based Attacker variant for Pakistan|