Vickers
Venture

A two-seat army co-operation and reconnaissance biplane derived from the Vickers Vixen.
Vickers Venture side on Brooklands J7277 is the first of six Vickers Type 94 Venture army cooperation aircraft built for the RAF.
 
The Vickers Type 94 Venture two-seat reconnaissance aircraft was derived from the Vickers Vixen II (which is described separately), following successful trials of the latter at Martlesham Heath in February 1924.  As a result, Vickers received a contract to build six modified aircraft against Specification 45 / 23 as army co-operation development aircraft.
 
These aircraft were something of a hybrid between the Vixen II and Vixen III designs, having Vixen II wings combined with the lengthened fuselage and engine installation of the Vixen III, which was being developed in parallel.
 
All six aircraft were built in a single batch, with the first example (J7277) flying for the first time at Brooklands on 3rd June 1924.
 
The Venture was a conventional single-bay biplane, powered by a Napier Lion I engine. The crew comprised a pilot and a gunner / observer and the aircraft was armed with two fixed, forward-firing Vickers guns, a defensive Lewis gun and provision for the underwing carriage of four 112 lb bombs.
 
Vickers Venture J7278 front stbd The second Vickers Venture showing its similarity to the Vixen II from which it was developed.
 
Trials at Martlesham from 17th June established a maximum speed of 135 mph although they disclosed several deficiencies which included poor forward and downward view for the pilot, a lengthy landing run and poor longitudinal stability. The aircraft was also regarded as being ‘too large’.
 
Army co-operation and reconnaissance flying benefit from a stable platform and the ability to operate well forward from small, relatively unprepared fields. Consequently, these criticisms were serious enough to prevent the type receiving a production order and achieving large scale operations.
 
Squadron service trials were conducted, but the six aircraft built were destined to spend most of their lives at the Royal Aircraft Establishment and at Martlesham as the subject of further stability and fuel economy trials. The last example was struck off RAF charge in January 1933.
 

Variants & Numbers

 
Six aircraft only (J7277 to J7282).
 

Specification

 
 ​Powerplant
One 450 hp Napier Lion I twelve cylinder engine
Span
40 ft 0 in
Maximum Weight
4,890 lb
Capacity
Two crew pilot and gunner; two fixed forward firing Vickers guns and Lewis gun on Scarff ring in rear cockpit, provision for the underwing carriage of four 112 lb bombs
Maximum Speed
129 mph at 10,000 ft

 

Survivors

 

No examples of the Vickers Venture survive.

Other information

www.brooklandsmuseum.com