The De Havilland Aircraft Company of Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter is a twin-engine, turboprop short take-off and landing (STOL) passenger / utility aircraft seating up to 20 passengers. It was a twin-engine replacement for the single-engine DHC-3 Otter retaining that type’s excellent short take-off and landing capabilities.
The type is designed for operation from unimproved strips and can be configured with wheel, ski, float or amphibious float tricycle landing gear arrangements. Its high rate of climb and descent make it popular with a wide variety of operators ranging from Skydiving Clubs to Medivac Units.
The prototype (CF-DHC-X) was flown for the first time on 20th May 1965.
The De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter was produced in three variants, the Series 100 (two 550 shp PT6A-20), Series 200 (with lengthened nose and additional baggage capacity) and the Series 300 (two 620 shp PT6A-27A engines). The first six aircraft produced were designated Series 1, indicating that they were prototypes and development aircraft. The initial production run the consisted of Series 100 aircraft (Serial numbers 7 to 115).
The Series 200 production began in 1968 (Serial numbers from 116 to 230) and featured an extended nose for extra baggage storage as well as a larger rear baggage door.
The Series 300 was introduced in 1969 (beginning with serial number 231) and it was this configuration which proved to be the most successful variant. Payload and performance was further improved with the fitting of the PT6A-27 engine. Some 614 Series 300 aircraft were built at Downsview by De Havilland Canada before production ended in 1988.
A total of 6 prototypes and 844 De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter production aircraft were built. The type continues in daily service worldwide (literally from the Arctic to the Antarctic) with both civil and military operators. Significant fleets were operated in countries including Norway (Widerøe), the Maldives, United States (several operators including Rocky Mountain Airways, Alaska Airlines, Wien Air Alaska, Ozark, Scenic Airlines), Canada (Wardair, Pacific Western Airlines, Time Air), Mexico and Australia (Ansett and TAA).
The Twin Otter has been widely used in Antarctica, Four Twin Otters are used by the British Antarctic Survey and several also provide support the United States Antarctic Program, operated by Kenn Borek Air.
After De Havilland ceased production in Canada, tooling was acquired by Viking Air of British Columbia who produced replacement parts and components for existing aircraft.
In 2006, Viking Air purchased the type certificate for DHC-6 Twin Otter from Bombardier Aerospace. Subsequently, they also purchased the type certificates for all of the 'out-of-production' De Havilland Canada aircraft (DHC-1 through DHC-7).
In September 2006, Viking announced its intention to produce a Series 400 aircraft with 27 orders already secured. By November 2007, this had grown to 40 firm orders and so Viking Air put the DHC-6 Twin Otter back into production as the Twin Otter Series 400 with more powerful PT6A-34/35 engines.
A demonstrator (C-FDHT) was flown for the first time on 1st October 2008 and the first production aircraft (serial number 845) followed on February 16th 2010.
The 100th Series 400 (serial 944) was displayed at the July 2017 EAA AirVenture Oshkosh.
38% of existing aircraft are now operated as Regional Airliners, 31% are in military aviation or special missions, 26% are in industrial support and the remaining 5% are in private air charter. It is reported that, of these, 70 are on regular landing gear wheels, 18 are configured as straight or amphibious floatplanes, 10 have low-pressure over-size ‘tundra’ tyres and 2 aircraft have wheel skis.
By July 2017, production of the Series 400 exceeded 125 aircraft.
|Powerplant||Two 620 shp Pratt & Whitney PT6A-27A engines|
|Span||65 ft 0 in|
|Maximum Weight||12,500 lb|
|Capacity||Two flight crew and up to 20 passengers dependent on cabin layout|
|Maximum Cruise||210 mph|
|Range||806 miles with 2,500 lb payload|
Variants and Numbers built
DHC-6 Series 1
(6 built / 1 prototype)
|Six prototype and development aircraft.|
DHC-6 Series 100
|Powered by two 550 shp PT6A2 engines|
DHC-6 Series 200
|Improved version with increased baggage capacity.|
DHC-6 Series 300
|Powered by two 680 shp PT6A-27 engines.|
DHC-6 Series 400
(125 + built)
|Viking Air production, powered by two PT6A-34 engines.|