Bristol Type 29

A two-seat open cockpit version of the Bristol Tourer commercial aircraft developed from the Bristol Fighter.
Bristol 29 Tourer rear stbd Filton The Bristol Type 29 Tourer was a two-seat open cockpit variant.
The Tourer series of civil utility aircraft were developments of the Bristol F.2b Fighter for civilian use following the end of the First World War.
A standard but unarmed Bristol Fighter (H1460) ordered for communications duties was fitted with a hinged cover over the rear passenger seat, becoming known as the Bristol Coupé.
The next development was the Bristol Tourer – an unarmed Bristol Fighter with a Siddeley Puma engine.
This was initially used as a company communications aircraft, but a second machine was sold to a private owner in the United States.
The type was subsequently produced in two and three seat configurations. In the three-seat variants, the passengers sat side-by-side in either open, or enclosed (coupé) cockpits. The two-seat variant was also produced with either an open, or an enclosed, passenger cockpit. A three-seat seaplane variant was also produced.
When Bristol type numbers were allocated, the following type numbers were retrospectively allocated to the Bristol Tourer series;
Bristol 27 Coupé: conversion of Bristol Fighter H1460
Bristol 28 Tourer: three-seat with coupé passenger cockpit
Bristol 29 Tourer: two seat open passenger cockpit
Bristol 47 Tourer three-seat open passenger cockpit
Bristol 48 Tourer Seaplane: three-seat open passenger cockpit
* These aircraft are described separately. Further developments for Greece (Type 81) and Bulgaria (Type 88) are also described separately.
The Type 29 was an unarmed, two-seat, open cockpit, Puma-powered conversion of the Bristol Fighter.
The first example (construction number 5867) was fitted with the Puma engine that had been previously fitted to FS Barnwell’s Badger X (the Badger X having been damaged in a landing accident).
Bristol 29 Tourer G-EAIZ first aircraft rear port G-EAIZ was the first Puma-engined Tourer shown here at Filton in September 1919.
This aircraft (G-EAIZ) was registered on 7th August 1919 and received its Certificate of Airworthiness on 16th September. Initially used for Puma trials, the aircraft became popular as a general-purpose liaison aircraft and was named the Tourer.
A second similar example (G-EANR - 5868) was also built and registered in September 1919. This aircraft was later sold in the USA and reportedly used in Nicaragua.
Two additional Type 29s (5881 & 6123) were exported to the USA, the latter being operated by the Newfoundland Air Survey Company.
Three more aircraft were registered in Britain (G-EAVU - 5892, G-EAXA - 6120 and G-EAWB - 6122).
The latter aircraft was purchased by Mr AS Butler and used for touring in France. It featured fairings between the fuselage and the lower wing designed for air racing. It entered the 1921 Aerial Derby and finished with an average speed of 106 mph, taking third prize in the Handicap Race.

One aircraft (G-EAVU) was used as a demonstrator in Belgium and in Norway before being temporarily operated in Spain as a replacement for Type 47 Tourer (M-AAEA), which had been destroyed in an accident.  Thereafter, it was scrapped unsold in September 1921 after its return from Spain.
A single Type 29 was subsequently supplied to Spain (M-AFFA - 6121) taking the place of the aircraft covered above.

Bristol 29 Tourer G-EAXA side G-EAXA is a Type 29 Tourer, later converted to dual controls.
The aircraft (G-EAXA) was built in May 1921 and was converted to dual control configuration in September 1922. This proved hugely successful and led directly to the Type 81 Puma School Trainer and to the Type 81A for the Greek Navy (described separately).
A total of eight two-seat open-cockpit Type 29 Tourer aircraft were built.


  Type 29 two-seat open Tourer
Powerplant 230 hp Siddeley Puma
Span 39 ft 5 in
Maximum Weight 2,800 lb
Capacity  Two
Maximum Speed 120 mph
Range 400 miles

Numbers built

Total Built                  8 aircraft: G-EAIZ, G-EANR, (5881 USA), G-EAVU, G-EAXA, M-AFFA, G-EAWB, (6123 Newfoundland)



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