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Bristol 1911
Monoplane

The first monoplane to be built by The British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd.
Bristol Monoplane 1911 build One of the two 1911 Bristol Monoplanes under construction at Filton.
 
Built by The British & Colonial Aeroplane Company, the first Bristol Monoplane was designed in 1911 by George Challenger and AR Low. It is mainly referred to as the 1911 Monoplane in order to avoid confusion with the later Bristol M.1 Monoplane.
 
Like the Antoinette Monoplane, it featured a slim inverted triangular section fuselage and 50 hp Gnome engine. Two triangular rudders were fitted at the sternpost, above and below the tailplane and elevators whilst lateral control was by means of wing warping.
 
Two aircraft were built, (Bristol build numbers 35, 36) but the first failed to fly when first tested at Larkhill in February 1911. After initial trials it returned to Filton to be prepared for display at the March 1911 Olympia exhibition.
 
Bristol Monoplane 1911 no35 Olympia Bristol Monoplane (no 35) on display at Olympia in March 1911.
 
After the exhibition, it was again tested at Larkhill, this time flown by Vespuy where unfortunately it suffered further damage. The second machine (No36) was sent for display to an exhibition in St Petersburg in April 1911 although it failed to sell.
 
No further flying was reported and development the 1911 Monoplane was abandoned following the appointment of Pierre Prier to look after the design and development of Bristol monoplanes.
 
Bristol 1911 Monoplane front Larkhill Bristol Monoplane No 35 at Larkhill at the commencement of trials in March 1911.

Specification

Powerplant 50 hp Gnome rotary engine
Span 33 ft 6 in
Maximum Weight 760 lb
Capacity  Pilot only
Maximum Speed 55 mph (estimated)

Numbers Built

Two only (build numbers 35 and 36); not successfully flown.

Survivors

Nil; development halted in favour of monoplames designed by Pierre Prier.

Other information