Blackburn Type E
Monoplane

Two all-metal monoplanes, the second constructed as an entry in the 1912 Military Trials.
Single seat Type E rt  under construction April 1912 The first single seat all-steel monoplane (right) being built for Lt Lawrence in April 1912.
 
The Blackburn Type E monoplane (also known as the All-metal Monoplane) was built for the 1912 Military Aeroplane Trials held at Larkhill, on Salisbury Plain against a requirement calling for a two-seat reconnaissance aircraft. In the event however, only the single-seat version took part.
 
The aircraft was a development of the Blackburn second Monoplane and made use of a steel tube structure with the fuselage covered with aluminium panels, making it Britain's first all-metal fuselage design. The warping wings made use of two tubular steel spars, similar to the Mercury III monoplane (described separately) which were fabric covered.
 
Two dissimilar examples were built, the first of which was a single-seater powered by a 60hp Green engine and painted grey. It was was built for Lt. Lawrence of The Indian Aviation Company and was known as 'L’Oiseau Gris' and first flew at Filey in April 1912.  It was delivered to Brooklands in May to take part in the London Aerial Derby but was scratched from the entry list, possibly due to cooling problems.
 
Blackburn Type E all-steel monoplane The second two-seat Type E was intended to compete in the 1912 Military Trials.
 
The second Type E machine (the Military Monoplane) was a tandem two-seater as prescribed for the Military Trials and was powered by a 70hp Renault V-8 engine.  When first tested in June 1912, it was found to be too heavy, failing to leave the ground and subsequently withdrawn from the trials.
 
Blackburn Type E Cockburn High School Leeds 1912 The second Type E Military Monoplane exhibited at Cockburn High School in late 1912.
 
The aircraft was put on ground display at the Cockburn High School, Leeds in late 1912 in front of a large audience.
 
It was not flown again however and it failed to make an appearance at the 1912 Military Trials, where it was to have been flown by Lt Spenser Grey and Capt R Gordon.
 
Blackburn Type E military monoplane 16X9 Despite its impressive appearance, the two-seat Blackburn Type E was never flown.

Variants & Numbers Built

Two dissimilar aircraft: one single seat with 60hp Green; one two-seat with 70hp Renault.
 

Specification

 
Single seat
Two seat
Powerplant
One 60 hp Green engine
One 70 hp Renault engine
Span
38 ft 4 in
Maximum Weight
 
950 lb
Capacity
Pilot only
Pilot and passenger
Maximum speed
 
80 mph
Endurance
4 hours
5 hours
 

Survivors

No examples survive.