De Havilland DH115
Vampire Trainer

The Vampire Trainer provided the basis for ab initio jet training for many air forces, including the RAF.

De Havilland DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ419 Air to air photograph of RAF DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ419.
 
The De Havilland Aircraft Co Ltd twin boom DH115 Vampire was a direct development of the De Havilland DH 100 Vampire which drew upon the design of the DH113 Vampire NF10 Night-Fighter and was the responsibility of De Havilland’s Airspeed Division at Christchurch, Dorset.
 
The De Havilland DH115 Vampire Trainer was essentially derived from the night-fighter by the simple removal of the radar and armament and the fitment of dual controls. The DH Goblin 3 engine was also replaced by the uprated DH Goblin 35 turbo-jet.  After early test flying, the fin shape was also changed with the introduction of a long elegantly curved dorsal fin, which in itself is characteristic of the Vampire Trainer.
 
DH115 Vampire Trainer prototype G-5-7 The DH115 Vampire Trainer prototype G-5-7 showing the original tail assembly.
 
The prototype (G-5-7) was flown for the first time at Christchurch on 15th November 1950, initially with the original DH Vampire fin shape and without the extended tailplane of the production aircraft.
 
DH115 Vampire T.55 (J28C) Swedish AF 28413 Christchurch DH115 Vampire T.55 (J28C) 28413 of the Swedish AF at the Christchurch factory.
 
In addition to production at Christchurch and Chester, aircraft were built at Fairey Aviation at Ringway Airport in Manchester. Licenced production of 131 aircraft was also undertaken in Australia (41), India (60) and Switzerland (30).
 
DH115 Vampire T.35 RAAF Wagga Wagga Royal Australian Air Force DH Vampire T.35 A79-612 displayed at the roadside in Wagga Wagga, NSW.
 
The De Havilland DH115 Vampire Trainer served with the RAF (DH115 Vampire Trainer T11) and Royal Navy (DH115 Vampire Trainer T22) and with the Royal Australian Air Force and Royal Australian Navy (DH115 Vampire Trainer T33, T34 and T35). The type was very widely exported and sold to most of the countries that had procured the single-seat Vampire and to a number of other armed services.
 
DH115 Vampire T.55 Egyptian Air Force 1580 on ground Egyptian Air Force DH115 Vampire T.55 1580 is one of the many Vampire Trainers exported.
 
The main export variant was the Mk.T55 which was operated by more than 20 countries, as follows:
 Austria (8)  Burma (8)            Ceylon (5)
 Chile (5)
 plus 6 RN T22
 Egypt (12)  Finland (9)
 India (53)
 plus 60 built locally     
 Indonesia (8)
 Iraq (7)  Irish Air Corps (6)          Jordan (3)  Lebanon (4)
 New Zealand (6)           
 plus 5 x T.11
 Norway (6)  Portugal (2)  Rhodesia (12 x T.11) 
 South Africa (27)  Syria (1)  Sweden ( 45 x J28C)
 Switzerland (30)
 built locally
 Venezuela (6)
 Japan (1 x T55)
 for trials with JASDF
   
 
Early aircraft were not fitted with ejection seats, but all were subsequently modified to fit them. A revised canopy shape, with improved external vision, was introduced at the same time.
 
DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ590 Royal Air Force DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ590 at Duxford, Cambridgeshire.
 

Variants & Numbers Built


DH115 Vampire Mk.11 /  
DH.115 Vampire Trainer
Private venture, two-seat jet trainer prototype (G-5-7).                                   
DH115 Vampire T.11
732 built
Two-seat training version, powered by a Goblin 35 turbojet - Built by De Havilland and Fairey Aviation - Some fitted with ejection seats.
DH115 Sea Vampire T.22
73 built
Two-seat training version for the Royal Navy.
DH115 Vampire T.33
36 built
Two-seat training version and powered by the Goblin turbojet. Built in Australia.
DH115 Vampire T.34
5 built
Two-seat training version for the Royal Australian Navy - 5 were built in Australia.
DH115 Vampire T.34A Vampire T.34s fitted with ejection seats.
DH115 Vampire T.35
68 built
Modified two-seat training version.  Built in Australia.
DH115 Vampire T.35A T.33 conversions to T.35 configuration.
DH115 Vampire T.55
216 built
Export version of the DH.115 Trainer - 6 converted from the T.11.

 

Specification


                                 DH115 Vampire T.11
Powerplant 3,500 lbst DH Goblin 35
Span 38 ft 0 in
Maximum Weight 11,150 lb
Capacity & Armament Two crew, four 20mm Hispano cannon, provision for underwing drop tanks
Maximum Speed 538 mph
Range  840 miles

 

Survivors

Many Vampire Trainers survive, with a number of aircraft maintained in flying condition, and others preserved in museums, in several countries.


 

Flying examples are believed to be operating in Australia, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom

 

Museum / Display examples can be found in many of the countries that operated the type, including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, South Africa, UK, Venezuela.

 

A partial selection is listed below:

 

DH115 Sea Vampire T.22 (XG777) National Aeronautical and Space Museum, Santiago, Chile  www.museoaeronautico.gob.cl
DH115 Vampire T.55
(LN-DHZ)
Norwegian Historical Squadron, Rygge Flystasjon, Norway.  www.historicalsquadron.no
DH115 Vampire T22 (XA129)
Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton, United Kingdom 
DH115 Vampire T.55
(G-HELV)
Classic Air Force, Coventry Airport United Kingdom 
DH115 Vampire T.11 (WZ507 (G-VTII)) Vampire Preservation Group, North Weald, Essex, UK.  www.vampirepreservation.org.uk
DH115 Vampire T.11 (WZ590)
Imperial War Museum, Duxford, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom 
DH115 Vampire T.11 (XE998)
Solent Sky Museum, Southampton, United Kingdom 
DH115 Vampire T.55
(3 aircraft)
South African Air Force Museum, Swartkop AFB, South Africa  www.saafmuseum.org.za
DH115 Vampire T.55
(ZK-RVM)
Privately owned, Inglewood, NZ (ex-Swiss U-1225)
DH115 Vampire T.35
(A79-612)
RAAF aircraft displayed at roadside in Wagga Wagga, NSW

 

Other information