The Bristol Aeroplane Company Type 84 Bloodhound was a two-seat reconnaissance / fighter biplane intended to secure a contract (against Specification 3/22) to replace the Bristol F.2 Fighter.
The prototype Bristol Type 84 Bloodhound (initially known as the Bristol Type 78 Fighter C) was built on a private venture basis, with a civilian registration (G-EBGG) and was first flown in late May 1923.
In its initial form, it featured modest and equal dihedral on both upper and lower wings, and a somewhat small fin and rudder. Following early flight testing, revised tail surfaces, changes in engine thrust line, wing stagger and dihedral, were all introduced to achieve satisfactory stability and handling.
Having cured these issues, three further machines were built for the Air Ministry, with different models of the Jupiter engine and receiving RAF serials (J7248, J7236 and J7237).
One aircraft (J7248) was of all-metal construction, whereas the remaining two machines had wings and tail surfaces of wooden construction. It used a Bristol Jupiter IV engine, whilst the second (J7236) had variable timing gear. The third (J7237) was fitted with a supercharged Jupiter IV.
The prototype Bristol Type 84 Bloodhound (G-EBGG) was later refitted at Filton with a Bristol Jupiter V and flown in the 1925 King’s Cup Air Race to gain publicity for the Bristol Jupiter engine. Thereafter, it was fitted with long-range tanks and a 450 hp Jupiter VI and used for reliability trials.
These trials included more than 25,000 miles of sealed running in 225 hours and 54 minutes, followed by a flight from Croydon to Cairo and back, accomplished in 56 hours flying time to demonstrate the engine’s suitability for operation in hot climates.
In March 1928, it was used for testing the 480 hp geared Bristol Jupiter VIII engine, driving a four-blade propeller. On completion of these trials, the aircraft remained in storage until it was scrapped in 1931.
|Powerplant||One 425 hp Bristol Jupiter IV (normal, variable timing or supercharged)|
|Span||40 ft 2 in|
|Maximum Weight||4,236 lb|
|Capacity & Armament||Pilot, observer and two fixed Vickers and one Scarff-mounted Lewis machine gun.|
|Maximum Speed||130 mph|
Four aircraft: G-EBGG, J7248, J7236, J7237.