Avro Canada was originally formed as The National Steel Car Limited of Montreal, but when the Canadian Government took over ownership and management of the Company in 1942, it was renamed Victory Aircraft Limited.
Victory Aircraft were one of a number of factories building British aircraft designs for the Royal Air Force, in relative safety, away from German air raids.
In addition, they built a number of Avro types including Avro Lancaster (430), Avro Anson (3,197) as well as The Avro Lancastrian (6) and single examples of the Avro Lincoln and Avro York Transport aircraft.
In 1945, the United Kingdom’s Hawker Siddeley Group purchased Victory Aircraft from the Canadian Government and created A.V. Roe Canada Limited, commonly known as Avro Canada, a wholly-owned Canadian subsidiary. The company started life repairing and servicing Second World War era aircraft types.
However, Avro Canada also invested in research and development activities, working on potential jet engine designs, a jet-powered fighter and a commercial jet airliner programme.
Their first project was the development of the Orenda jet engine in 1949. This was followed by the Avro XC-100, Canada’s first jet fighter, which was renamed the CF-100 when it entered Royal Canadian Air Force service in 1952.
A commercial aircraft, the C-102 Jetliner, was also developed and first flew just 13 days after the De Havilland Comet. However, orders were not forthcoming and only one prototype was ever built before the programme was eventually cancelled in 1951.
The company also built an advanced twin-jet supersonic fighter (Avro CF-105 Arrow) which was test flown but never entered production as despite huge funding and a degree of success, the project was eventually overcome by the development of US interest of the Hawker Harrier.
A.V. Roe Canada Limited was re-structured in the mid-1950's as a holding company, with two separate aviation subsidiaries: Avro Aircraft Limited and Orenda Engines. During this period, A.V. Roe Canada also acquired a number of other holdings including Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation, Canada Car and Foundry, as well as Canadian Steel Improvement Limited.
In 1962, the Hawker Siddeley Group dissolved A.V. Roe Canada and transferred all the company’s assets into a new company, Hawker Siddeley Canada.
By the late 1990s, Hawker Siddeley Canada had sold off almost all of its assets and had ceased trading.
|National Steel Car Limited|
|1942||Victory Aircraft Limited|
|1945||AV Roe Canada Limited|
|1960||Hawker Siddeley Canada|
|1949||Avro C102 Jetliner||1958||Avro CF-105 Arrow|
|1950||Avro CF-100 Canuck||1959||Avro VZ-9-AV Avrocar|