The Jet Provost was initially developed as a jet engine modification of the piston-engine P.56 Provost, retaining to original wing structure mated to a new fuselage.
It was built as a private venture by Hunting Percival Aircraft Limited at Luton Airport.
The P.84 Jet Provost prototype (XD674) first flew at Luton on 26th June 1954 with Dick Wheldon at the controls. The aircraft was developed in liaison with the RAF Flying Training Command to ensure that it incorporated many of their desired characteristics such as easy instructional processes and low cost maintainance.
Later flight testing at Boscombe Down refined some of the designs and in Febraury 1955 the first of 10 pre-production aircraft took to the air. Just 3 months later 3 aircraft were asigned to the Central Flying School for assessment into an 'Ab Initio' ('from the beginning') training role.
A number of design changes and refinements were made by Hunting Percival and the T2 made its maiden flight on 1st September 1955. The T2 was purely a development variant and a number visited Scandanavia for winterization trials during the winter of that year.
In 1957 Hunting Percival received their first tangiable success for Jet Provost when a production order was received for 40 T3 aircraft with the increased power Armstrong Siddeley Viper engiine, ejector seats and a revised undercarriage arrangement.
In total, 201 T3's were built at Luton between 1958 and 1962 although the T4 variant was already underway by mid-1960. The T4 carried an improved Viper ASV.11 power unit and it was very quickly adopted into RAF service by the key training facilities at Cranwell, Little Rissington, Linton-on-Ouse as well as RAF Leeming and RAF Ackington. 198 T4's were built before a further engine upgrade and the addition of pressurisation saw the arrival of the T.5 which first flew on 28th February 1967.
Numerous militarised export versions of the T5 saw aircraft (T51) serving with air forces in Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Kuwait and Sudan as well as T52's in Iraq, South Yemen, Sudan and Venezuela.
In October 1967, the new BAC Strikemaster took to the skies and so dawned a new era for the iconic design which started out as a private venture for Hunting Percival Aircraft over 15 years earlier.
Jet Provosts remain in service into the 1990's and due to its easy and inexpensive maintainance, a number still remain in flying and taxiable condition in private hands today.
|Jet Provost Mk 4||Jet Provost Mk 5|
|Powerplant||2,500 lbst Viper 202||2,500 lbst Viper 202|
|Span||36 ft 11 in||35 ft 4 in|
|Maximum Weight||7,400 lb||6,989 lb|
|Capacity||Instructor / student||Instructor / student|
|Armament||Normally unarmed but capable of underwing stores carriage||Normally unarmed but capable of underwing stores carriage|
|Maximum Speed||410 mph||440 mph|
|Cruise Speed||390 mph|
|Maximum range||700 miles||900 miles|
|Jet Provost T3A (XM424)||Was at Classic Air Force, Coventry, Warks|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW433/G-JPRO)||Was at Classic Air Force, Coventry, Warks|
|Jet Provost T4 (XR673/G-BXLO)||Century Aviation, Church Fenton, North Yorkshire|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW355/G-JPTV)||Century Aviation, Church Fenton, North Yorkshire|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW422/G-BWEB)||Delta Jets, Kemble Airfield, Gloucestershire|
|Jet Provost T3A (XM479/G-BVEZ)||Newcastle Jet Provost Co, Newcastle|
|Jet Provost T5 (XW291/G-BWOF)||Privately owned, Bournemouth Airport, Dorset|
|Jet Provost T5 (XW325/G-BWGF)||Privately owned, Carlisle|
|Jet Provost T5 (XW324/G-BWSG)||Jet Provost Display Team, North Weald, Essex|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW333/G-BVTC)||Privately owned, Humberside|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN459/B-BWOT)||Privately owned, North Weald, Essex|
|Jet Provost T4 (XN637/G-BKOU)||Jet Provost Display Team, North Weald, Essex|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW289/G-JPVA)||Privately owned, RNAS Yeovilton, Somerset|
|Jet Provost T4/T52 (XS228/G-PROV)||Swords Aviation, North Weald, Essex|
|Jet Provost T5P (XS230/G-VIVM)||Swords Aviation, North Weald, Essex|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW310/G-BWGS)||Where Eagles Share, North Weald, Essex|
Display or storage
|Jet Provost T3A (XM350)||Aeroventure Museum, Doncaster, South Yorkshire|
|Jet Provost T4 (XR650)||Boscombe Down Aviation Collection, Wiltshire|
|Jet Provost T4 (XR662)||Boulton & Paul Association, Wolverhampton|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN586)||Brooklands Museum, Weybridge, Surrey|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN586)||Brooklands Technical College, Weybridge|
|Jet Provost T3 (XM362)||Defence College of Aeronautical Eng, RAF Cosford, Shropshire|
|Jet Provost T3 (XM410)||Defence Explosives Disposal School, Chattenden, Kent|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP688)||Delph Training Centre, Eccelston, Lancashire|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP557)||Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum, Dumfries, Scotland|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP568)||East Midlands Aeropark, East Midlands Airport, Derbyshire|
|Jet Provost T3 (XM404)||Fire Training College, Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN462)||Fleet Air Arm Museum, RNAS Yeovilton, Somerset|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN589)||Gate Guard, RAF Linton-on-Ouse, North Yorkshire|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN494)||Gatwick Aviation Museum, West Sussex|
|Jet Provost T5 (XW293/G-WBWCS)||Jet Provost Club, Bournemouth Airport, Dorset|
|Jet Provost T4 (XS179)||Musueum of Science and Industry, Greater Manchester|
|Jet Provost T3A (XM383)||Newark Air Museum, Nottinghamshire|
|Jet Provost T3A (XM419)||Newcastle College, Newcastle upon Tyne|
|Jet Provost T3 (XM355)||Newcastle College, Newcastle upon Tyne.|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN500)||Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum, Flixton, Suffolk|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP627)||North East Aircraft Museum, Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW363)||North West Heritage Group, BAE-Systems Warton, Lancashire|
|Jet Provost T4 (XS181)||Privately owned, Bruntingthorpe, Leicestershire|
|Jet Provost T3A (XN584)||Privately owned, Bruntingthorpe, Leicestershire|
|Jet Provost T4 (XS177)||Metheringham Airfield Visitor Centre, Lincolnshire|
|Jet Provost T4 (XS186)||Metheringham Airfield Visitor Centre, Lincolnshire|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP627)||Privately owned, North East Aircraft Museum, Sunderland|
|Jet Provost T3 (XM369)||Privately owned, Rossendale, Lancashire|
|Jet Provost T3 (XM402)||Privately owned, West Walton Highway, Norfolk|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP638)||Privately owned, Ystrad Myrach, Mid-Glamorgan, Wales|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP556)||RAF Cranwell Aviation Heritage Centre, Lincolnshire|
|Jet Provost T5A (XW353)||RAF Cranwell, Lincolnshire|
|Jet Provost T3 (XM351)||RAF Museum collection, Cosford, Shropshire|
|Jet Provost T5 (XW323)||RAF Museum London, Hendon Aerodrome, London, England|
|Jet Provost T4 (8409M/XS209)||Solway Aviation Museum, Carlisle Lake District Airport, Cumbria|
|Jet Provost T3A (XM414)||Ulster Aviation Society, Long Kesh, County Antrim, N. Ireland|
|Jet Provost T3A (XM405/G-TORE)||University of London, Northampton Square, London|
|Jet Provost T4 (XP640)||Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington, York, England|