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Hawker
Hunter

"...the most wonderful mass aerobatic manoeuvre ever witnessed at Farnborough." - Flight magazine on the 22-Hunter loop, 2nd September 1958. 
Hawker Hunter Prototype WB188 Hawker Hunter Prototype WB188
Developed during the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, the Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet aircraft and is a story of numerous trials and developments, many abandoned before reaching anywhere near the production stage.
 
Following the end of World War II, Hawker recognised that jet-propulsion was the future of military aircraft development and Chief Designer Sydney Camm initially proposed the P.1040 to the RAF. Unfortunately, the RAF took little interest in the design, seeking better performance and ability so Camm turned his attention to transforming the Hawker Fury / Sea Fury into a jet-powered, carrier-based fighter for the Fleet Air Arm and thus emerged was the P.1035 Sea Hawk. 
 
However, when the Air Ministry issued Specification E38/46 Camm set about developing the Sea Hawk, replacing the straight wing with a-35 degree swept wing, categorising the aircraft P.1052
 
During its first flight during 1948, the P.1052 first prototype demonstrated good performance and despite carrying out several successful Carrier Trials, it was agreed that it did not warrant further development into a production aircraft.
 
Undeterred, Hawker converted the second P.1052 prototype as a ‘private venture’, known as the P.1081, featuring swept tail-planes, a revised fuselage, and a single jet exhaust at the rear.
 
Hawker Hunter Development Aircraft P.1081 Hawker Hunter Development Aircraft P.1081
First flown on 19th June 1950, the P.1081 was a great success and drew interest from the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).  Despite this initial success, further development was stalled by difficulties with the engine reheat and the project was abandoned when the sole prototype was lost in a crash in 1951.  The loss was made even more tragic as it took the life of legendary Test and Battle of Britain pilot T.S. ‘Wimpy’ Wade.
 
In March 1948, the Air Ministry issued a revised Specification F.3/48 which called for a speed of 629 mph at 45,000 ft and a high rate of climb whilst carrying substantial armaments.  Hawker responded with the P.1067, which first flew from RAF Boscombe Down on 20th July 1951 which proved an immediate success with the Air Ministry ordering the Hunter (as it was now known) into production during March 1950.
 
On 7th September 1953, the sole Hunter Mk 3 (the modified first prototype, WB188) broke the world air speed record for jet-powered aircraft, achieving 727.63 mph (1,171.01 km/h) over Littlehampton, flown by Neville Duke.
 
The single-seat Hunter entered service as a manoeuvrable fighter aircraft and later operated in fighter-bomber and reconnaissance roles during numerous conflicts. The two-seat variants remained in use for training and in secondary roles with the Royal Air Force (RAF) and Royal Navy (RN) until the early 1990’s.
 
Hunter was widely exported, serving with 21 other nations air forces and sixty years after its original introduction it was still in active service, being operated by the Lebanese Air Force until 2014.
 
Hawker Hunter 111 Sqn Formation 1961 Hawker Hunter Formation 1958
During public displays, Hunters were also used by the RAF Display Teams ‘The Blue Diamonds’ (who flew 16 aircraft) and ‘The Black Arrows’ (who on one occasion looped a record-breaking 22 examples in formation).
 
In British service, the aircraft was replaced by the English Electric Lightning, the Hawker Siddeley Harrier and the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II.

Specification

 
Hunter F6
Powerplant                               
1 × Rolls-Royce Avon 207 turbojet, 10,145 lbf (45.13 kN)
Span
33 ft 8 in (10.26 m)
Maximum Weight
Loaded - 17,750 lb (8,050 kg) / Take-off - 24,600 lb (11,158 kg)
Capacity
One pilot
Maximum Speed
Mach 0.94, 620 kn (715 mph, 1,150 km/h) at sea level
Maximum Range
Combat - 385 nmi (445 mi, 715 km) / Ferry -1,650 nmi (1,900 mi, 3,060 km) with external fuel tanks

Variants

Hawker P.1067              
3 built
Prototype, with the first (WB188) later modified as a Hunter Mk 3 for the successful World Speed Record attempts.
Hawker P.1083
1 built
Supersonic prototype design based on the P.1067 with afterburning Avon engine. Project abandoned: fuselage and tail used for the P.1099.
Hawker P.1101
2 built
Two-seat trainer prototype
Hunter F.1
139 built
Production version with Avon 113 engine,
Hunter F.2
45 built
Sapphire 101 engine built at Armstrong Whitworth, Coventry.
Hunter Mk.3
1 built
Often mistakenly called F.3 (but it carried no weapons)  1st prototype F1 fitted with afterburning Avon RA.7R with 9,600 lbf (42.70 kN) engine, a pointed nose, airbrakes on the sides of the fuselage, and a revised. Aircraft (WB188) went on to break the World Speed Record in 1953 at 727.6mph.
Hunter F.4
349 built
Bag tanks in the wings, fittings for underwing fuel tanks and fitted with Avon 115 (later Avon 121) engine.  Additional blisters under the nose for ammunition links, built at Kingston-upon-Thames and Blackpool.
Hunter F.5
105 built
F.4 with Sapphire 101 engine, built by Armstrong Whitworth at Coventry.
Hunter F.6
384 built
Clear-weather interceptor fighter powered bya 10,150 lbf (45.17 kN) Rolls-Royce Avon 203 turbojet engine, revised wing with a leading edge 'dogtooth' and four hardpoints.
Hunter F.6A Modified F.6 with brake parachute and 230 gallon inboard drop tanks.
Hunter T.7
4 conversions and 65 built.
Trainer variant with side by side seating replacing the single seat nose. Engine and systems were the same the F.4.. The dog-tooth leading edge and follow-up tailpane mods, as on the F.6, were fitted to the T.7.
Hunter T.7A T.7 modified with the Integrated Flight Instrumentation System (IFIS). Used by the RAF as a Blackburn Buccaneer conversion training aircraft.
Hunter T.8
18 conversions and 10 built.
Two-seat trainer for the Royal Navy. Fitted with an arrestor hook for use on RN airfields but otherwise similar to the T.7
Hunter T.8B T.8 with TACAN radio-navigation system and IFIS fitted, cannon and ranging radar removed. Used by the Royal Navy as a Blackburn Buccaneer conversion training aircraft, four conversions.
Hunter T.8C
11 conversions
T.8 with TACAN fitted.
Hunter T.8M T.8 fitted with the Sea Harrier's Blue Fox radar, used to train Sea Harrier pilots.
Hunter FGA.9
128 conversions
Single-seat ground-attack fighter variant for the RAF,  modified from F.6 airframes. Strengthened wing, 230 gallon inboard drop tanks, tail chute.
Hunter FR.10
33 built
Single-seat reconnaissance version with 3 x F95 cameras, revised instrument panel layout, brake parachute and 230 gallon inboard drop tanks.
Hunter GA.11
40 conversions
Single-seat weapons training version for the Royal Navy and fitted with an arrester hook.
Hunter PR.11 Single-seat reconnaissance version for the Royal Navy.
Hunter Mk.12
6 conversions and 1 built
Two-seat test aircraft for the Royal Aircraft Establishment. One built, converted from an F.6 airframe.
Hunter Mk.50
120 built
Export version of the Hunter F.4 fighter for Sweden (Designated J34).
Hunter Mk.51
30 built
Export version of the Hunter F.4 fighter for Denmark.
Hunter Mk.52
16 conversions
Export version of the Hunter F.4 fighter for Peru.
Hunter T.53
2 built
Export version of the Hunter T.7 trainer for Denmark.
Hunter Mk.56
160 built
Export version of the Hunter F.6 fighter for India with brake parachute and the provision to carry 500 lb (227 kg) bombs.
Hunter FGA.56A Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for India.
Hunter FGA.57
4 conversions
Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Kuwait.
Hunter Mk.58
12 conversions and 88 built
Export version of the Hunter F.6 fighter for Switzerland.
Hunter Mk.58A
52 conversions
Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Switzerland.
Hunter FGA.59
24 conversions
Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Iraq.
Hunter FGA.59A
18 conversions
Converted F.6's sold to Iraq.
Hunter FGA.59B
4 conversions
Converted F.6's sold to Iraq.
Hunter F.60
4 conversions
Export version of the Hunter F.6 fighter for Saudi Arabia, conversions from F.6s.
Hunter T.62 Export version of the Hunter T.7 trainer for Peru.
Hunter T.66
20 built
Two-seat training version for the Indian Air Force, powered by a Rolls-Royce Avon 200 turbojet engine.
Hunter T.66A
1 conversion
A composite Hunter built from damaged aircraft for display at the Paris Salon. Used as a demonstration aircraft, finished in red and white, later sold to Chile as a T.72.
Hunter T.66B
2 conversions and 1 built
Export version of the Hunter T.66 trainer for Jordan
Hunter T.66C
3 conversion
Export version of the Hunter T.66 trainer for Lebanon
Hunter T.66D
12 conversions
Sold to India and converted from F.6's.
Hunter T.66E
5 conversions
Sold to India and converted from F.6's.
Hunter T.67
4 conversions
Export version of the Hunter T.66 trainer for Kuwait, conversions from F.6s.
Hunter T.688 conversions Export version of the Hunter T.66 trainer for Switzerland, conversions from F.5s and Mk 50s.
Hunter T.69
3 conversions
Export version of the Hunter T.66 trainer for Iraq, conversions from F.6s.
Hunter FGA.70
4 conversions
Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Lebanon, conversions from F.6s.
Hunter FGA.70A Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Lebanon, conversions from F.6s.
Hunter T.70
2 built
This was the unofficial designation given to two ex-RAF Hunter T.7s sold to Saudi Arabia.
Hunter FGA.71 Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Chile.
Hunter FR.71A Export version of the Hunter FR.10 reconnaissance aircraft for Chile.
Hunter T.72 Export version of the T.66 trainer for Chile.
Hunter FGA.73 Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Jordan.
Hunter FGA.73A
4 built
Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Jordan.
Hunter FGA.73B
3 built
Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Jordan.
Hunter FGA.74
12 built
Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Singapore.
Hunter FR.74A
4 built
Export version of the Hunter FR.10 reconnaissance aircraft for Singapore
Hunter FR.74B
22 built
Export version for Singapore.
Hunter T.75
4 built
Export version of the Hunter T.66 trainer for Singapore.
Hunter T.75A
5 built
Export version for Singapore.
Hunter FGA.76 Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Abu Dhabi.
Hunter FR.76A Export version of the Hunter FR.10 reconnaissance aircraft for Abu Dhabi.
Hunter T.77 Export version of the Hunter T.7 trainer for Abu Dhabi.
Hunter FGA.78 Export version of the Hunter FGA.9 ground-attack fighter for Qatar.
Hunter T.79 Export version of the Hunter T.7 trainer for Qatar.
Hunter FGA.80 Ex-RAF FGA.9 ground-attack fighter sold to Kenya.
Hunter T.81 Export version of the Hunter T.66 trainer for Kenya.

Survivors

Their are hundreds of surviving flying Hunter aircraft and display airframes at museums, as gate guardians and in private ownership.  
 
Therefore, the list below are those which are UK based and where possible links to reference websites are provide.  It is as accurate as possible at the time of writing.
 
Hunter F.1
(WT569)              
2117 Squadron ATC, Kenfig Hill, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
Hunter F.51
(WV314 / E-424)
Aeroventure, Lakeside and Leisure Complex, Doncaster, South Yorkshire 
Hunter T.8C
(WT722 / G-BWGN)
Airbase, Newquay Cornwall Airport, Cornwall
Hunter T.7
(N-315 / XM121)
Alba Power (Gate Guard), Netherley, Aberdeen, Scotland
Hunter F.1
(WT680)
Anglia Motel, Fleet Hargate, Lincolnshire 
Hunter T.8C
(WT799)
Blue Lagoon Diving & Leisure Centre (on display), Womersley, Yorkshire
Hunter F.6
(XF375 / G-BUEZ)
Boscombe Down Aviation Collection, Old Sarum Airfield, Wiltshire
Hunter F.6A
(XG160 / G-BWAF)
Bournemouth Aviation Museum, Bournemouth Airport, Hurn, Dorset
Hunter F.6
(XJ690 / ET-273)
Bournemouth Aviation Museum, Bournemouth Airport, Hurn, Dorset
Hunter F.51
(E-412)
Brooklands Museum, Weybridge, Surrey
Hunter F.1
(WT694)
Caernarfon Air World, Caernaerfon Aerodrome, Gwynedd, Wales www.airworldmuseum.com
Hunter T.8C
(WV322 / G-BZSE)
Canfield Hunter Ltd., North Weald, Essex
 
Hunter F.51
(XE683 / XF383 / E-409)
City of Norwich Aviation Museum, Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk
Hunter FR.10
(XG168 / XG172)
City of Norwich Aviation Museum, Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk
Hunter GA.11 (WV256 / G-BZPB)
Cornwall Aviation Heritage Centre, Newquay Cornwall Airport, Cornwall 
Hunter GA.11 (WT806)
Dave Thomas, Bruntingthorpe, Leicestershire
Hunter T.7
(XX467 / G-TVII / 836 / 70-617 / XL605)
Dave Thomas, Bruntingthorpe, Leicestershire
Hunter F.6
(XG164)
Davidstow Airfield and Cornwall at War Museum, Davidstow, Cornwall
Hunter FGA.9 (XJ695) Defence Fire Services Central Training Establishment (fire training), Manston Airfield, Kent
Hunter F.4 (WT746)
Dumfries & Galloway Aviation Museum, Dumfries & Galloway,
Hunter GA.11 (WV382)
East Midlands Aeropark, East Midlands Airport, Leicestershire
Hunter FR.10
(XJ714 / WT684 / XF383 / XM126 / XG226 / PH-NLH / ET-272)
East Midlands Aeropark, East Midlands Airport, Leicestershire
Hunter T.7
(XL569)
East Midlands Aeropark, East Midlands Airport, Leicestershire
Hunter T.7
(WV383)
Farnborough Air Sciences Trust, Farnborough, Hampshire
Hunter GA.11
(WT804)
Fire Service College, Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire
Hunter T.8M
(XL580)
Fleet Air Arm Museum, RNAS Yeovilton, Somerset
Hunter F.6
(XF509)
Fort Paull Museum, Paull, East Yorkshire
Hunter F.51
(XF418 / E-430 / XG226)
Gatwick Aviation Museum, Charlwood, Surrey
Hunter T.7
(XL591)
Gatwick Aviation Museum, Charlwood, Surrey
Hunter T.7
(XL565 / WT745)
Geoffrey Pool, Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome, Leicestershire
Hunter T.7A
(WV318 / G-FFOX)
G-FFOX Group, Cranfield, Bedfordshire
Hunter T.8M
(XL602 / G-BWFT)
Horizon Aircraft, RAF St. Athan, Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales
Hunter F.58
(J-4021 / G-BWIU)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter F.58
(J-4081 / G-BWKB)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter T.8B
(XF995 / G-BZSF)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter F.58
(ZZ190 / G-HHAE / G-BXNZ / J-4066)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter F.58
(ZZ191 / G-HHAD / G-BWFS / J-4058)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter T.7
(G-HPUX / XL587)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter F.58
(J-4072)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter GA.11
(XE685 / G-GAII)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter T.8C
(XF994 / G-CGHU)
Hawker Hunter Aviation Ltd, RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire
Hunter F.1 (WT660)
Highland Aircraft Preservation Society, near Inverness, Scotland
Hunter T.7A (XF321)
Hunter Flying Club Ltd. Exeter Airport, Devon
Hunter F.58 (J-4031 / G-BWFR)
Hunter Flying Club Ltd. Exeter Airport, Devon
Hunter F.58 (J-4090 / G-SIAL)
Hunter Flying Club Ltd. Exeter Airport, Devon
Hunter PR.11 (XG194 / WT723 / G-PRII)
Interactive Dynamics, RAF St. Athan, Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales
Hunter F.6A (XE627)
IWM Duxford, Cambridgeshire
Hunter T.7 (XL600 / G-RAXA / G-VETA)
Jet Aircraft Museum, Cotswold Airport, Kemble, Gloucestershire
Hunter FGA.9 (XG252)
John St.Clair-Quentin, Hereford, Herefordshire & Worcestershire
 
Hunter F.58 (G-PSST / J-4104)
Jonathon Whaley, RAF St. Athan, Barry, Vale of Glamorgan
Hunter T.7 (XL618)
Lakes Lightnings, Newark Air Museum, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire
Hunter GA.11 (WT711)
Lakes Lightnings, Spark Bridge, Cumbria
Hunter T.7 (XL573 (G-BVGH))
Mark Stott (flyer), RAF St. Athan, Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales
Hunter F.6A (XF382)
Midland Air Museum, Coventry Airport, Warwickshire
Hunter F.1 (WT651)
Newark Air Museum, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire
Hunter FGA.9 (XG254)
Norfolk & Suffolk Aviation Museum, Flixton, Suffolk
 
Hunter F.51 (E-419)
North East Aircraft Museum, Sunderland, Northumberland & Tyneside
Hunter F.5 (WP185)
Paul & Andy Wood, Great Dunmow, Essex
 
Hunter F.58 (J-4091)
Phoenix Aviation, Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome, Leicestershire
Hunter T.7 (XL567)
Privately owned, Bournemouth Airport, Hurn, Dorset
Hunter T.7 (G-BNCX / XL621)
Privately owned, Dunsfold Aerodrome, Surrey
Hunter GA.11 (WT744) Privately owned, Ilfracombe, Devon
Hunter T.7 (XL578) Privately owned, Kendal, Cumbria
Hunter T.7 (XL592) Privately owned, Maidenhead, Berkshire
Hunter F.6 (XG274) Privately owned, Newmarket, Suffolk
Hunter F.51 (E-402) Privately owned, Pudden Hill, Co. Meath, Eire
Hunter T.7 (XL612) Privately owned, Swansea Airport, West Glamorgan, Wales
Hunter F.6 (XF527)
RAF Halton (Gate guard), Buckinghamshire
Hunter F.1 (WT612)
RAF Henlow (Gate guard), Bedfordshire
Hunter F.6A (XG225)
RAF Museum Cosford (gate guardian), Shropshire
Hunter F.1 (WT619)
RAF Museum Cosford (gate guardian), Shropshire
Hunter T.7A (XL568)
RAF Museum Cosford (gate guardian), Shropshire
Hunter FR.10
(853 / XF426)
RAF Museum, Hendon, Greater London
Hunter FGA.9
(XG154)
RAF Museum, Hendon, Greater London
Hunter T.8C
(WV396)
RAF Valley (Gate guard), Anglesey, Wales
Hunter F.6A
(XE620 / XE606)
RAF Waddington (8 Sqn gate guard), Lincolnshire
Hunter F.51
(E-423)
Enstone Airfield, Oxfordshire
 
Hunter F.51
(E-425)
Solway Aviation Museum, Carlisle Airport, Cumbria
Hunter F.2
(WN904)
Sywell Aviation Museum, Sywell Aerodrome, Northamptonshire
Hunter F.3
(WB188)
Tangmere Military Aviation Museum, Tangmere, West Sussex
Hunter F.5
(WP190)
Tangmere Military Aviation Museum, Tangmere, West Sussex
Hunter FGA.9
(XG194)
Wattisham Airfield Museum, Wattisham, Sussex
Hunter T.7
(XL623)
Woking town centre (pole mounted), Surrey
 
Hunter FGA.78
(N-268 / QA-10)
Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington, North Yorkshire
Hunter T.7
(XL571 / XL572 / G-HNTR)
Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington, North Yorkshire

More Information

www.hawkerassociation.org.uk

www.kingstonaviation.org.uk

www.brooklandsmuseum.com

or via email: Heritage@baesystems.com