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De Havilland DH115
Vampire Trainer

The Vampire Trainer provided the basis for ab initio jet training for many air forces, including the RAF.

De Havilland DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ419 Air to air photograph of RAF DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ419.
 
The twin boom DH115 Vampire was a direct development of the DH 100 Vampire which drew upon the design of the DH113 Vampire NF10 Night-Figher and was the responsibility of De Havilland’s Airspeed Division at Christchurch.
 
The DH115 Vampire Trainer was essentially derived from the night fighter by the simple removal of the radar and armanment and the fitment of dual controls. The Goblin 3 engine was also replaced by the uprated Goblin 35 turbo-jet.  After early test flying, the fin shape was also changed with the introduction of a long elegantly curved dorsal fin, which in itself is characteristic of the Vampire Trainer.
 
DH115 Vampire Trainer prototype G-5-7 The DH115 Vampire Trainer prototype G-5-7 showing the original tail assembly.
 
The prototype (G-5-7) was flown for the first time at Christchurch on 15th November 1950, initially with the original Vampire fin shape and without the extended tailplane of the production aircraft.
 
DH115 Vampire T.55 (J28C) Swedish AF 28413 Christchurch DH115 Vampire T.55 (J28C) 28413 of the Swedish AF at the Christchurch factory.
 
The trainer was built at Christchurch and Chester as well as Fairey Aviation in Manchester. Licence production of 131 aircraft was also undertaken in Australia (41), India (60) and Switzerland (30).
 
DH115 Vampire T.35 RAAF Wagga Wagga Royal Australian Air Force DH Vampire T.35 A79-612 displayed at the roadside in Wagga Wagga, NSW.
 
The DH115 Vampire Trainer served with the RAF (T11) and Royal Navy (T22) and with the Royal Australian Air Force and Royal Australian Navy (T33, T34 and T35). The type was very widely exported and sold to most of the countries that had procured the single-seat Vampire and to a number of other armed services.
 
DH115 Vampire T.55 Egyptian Air Force 1580 on ground Egyptian Air Force DH115 Vampire T.55 1580 is one of the many Vampire Trainers exported.
 
The main export variant was the Mk.T55 which was operated by more than 20 countries, as follows: Austria (8), Burma (8), Ceylon (5), Chile (5, plus 6 surplus Royal Navy T.22), Egypt (12), Finland (9), India (53 plus 60 built locally), Indonesia (8), Iraq (7), Irish Air Corps (6), Jordan (3), Lebanon (4), New Zealand (6, plus 5 T.11), Norway (6), Portugal (2), Rhodesia (12 T.11), South Africa (27), Syria (1), Sweden (J28C) (45), Switzerland (30 built locally) and Venezuela (6). A single T55 was exported to Japan for trials with the JASDF.
 
Early aircraft were not fitted with ejection seats, but all were subsequently modified to fit them. A revised canopy shape, with improved external vision, was introduced at the same time.
 
DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ590 Royal Air Force DH115 Vampire T.11 WZ590 at Duxford, Cambridgeshire.
 

Variants & Numbers Built

Vampire Mk.11 / 
DH.115 Vampire Trainer
Private venture, two-seat jet trainer prototype (G-5-7).                                   
Vampire T.11
732 built
Two-seat training version, powered by a Goblin 35 turbojet - Built by De Havilland and Fairey Aviation - Some fitted with ejection seats.
Sea Vampire T.22
73 built
Two-seat training version for the Royal Navy.
Vampire T.33
36 built
Two-seat training version and powered by the Goblin turbojet. Built in Australia.
Vampire T.34
5 built
Two-seat training version for the Royal Australian Navy - 5 were built in Australia.
Vampire T.34A Vampire T.34s fitted with ejection seats.
Vampire T.35
68 built
Modified two-seat training version.  Built in Australia.
Vampire T.35A  T.33 conversions to T.35 configuration.
Vampire T.55
216 built
Export version of the DH.115 Trainer - 6 converted from the T.11.

Specification

                                  Vampire T.11
Powerplant 3,500 lbst DH Goblin 35
Span 38 ft 0 in
Maximum Weight 11,150 lb
Capacity & Armament Two crew, four 20mm Hispano cannon, provision for underwing drop tanks
Maximum Speed 538 mph
Range  840 miles

Survivors

Many Vampire Trainers survive, with a number of aircraft maintained in flying condition, and others preserved in museums, in several countries. Flying examples are believed to be operating in Australia, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom; museum / display examples can be found in many of the countries that operated the type, including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, South Africa, UK, Venezuela. A partial selection is listed below:

 

Sea Vampire T.22 (XG777) National Aeronautical and Space Museum, Santiago, Chile  www.museoaeronautico.gob.cl
Vampire T.55
(LN-DHZ)
Norwegian Historical Squadron, Rygge Flystasjon, Norway.  www.historicalsquadron.no
Vampire T22 (XA129)
Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton, United Kingdom 
Vampire T.55
(G-HELV)
Classic Air Force, Coventry Airport United Kingdom 
Vampire T.11 (WZ507 (G-VTII)) Vampire Preservation Group, North Weald, Essex, UK.  www.vampirepreservation.org.uk
Vampire T.11 (WZ590)
Imperial War Museum, Duxford, Cambs, United Kingdom 
Vampire T.11 (XE998)
Solent Sky Museum, Southampton, United Kingdom 
Vampire T.55
(3 aircraft)
South African Air Force Museum, Swartkop AFB, South Africa  www.saafmuseum.org.za
Vampire T.55
(ZK-RVM)
Privately owned, Inglewood, NZ (ex-Swiss U-1225)
Vampire T.35
(A79-612)
RAAF aircraft displayed at roadside in Wagga Wagga, NSW

Other information