De Havilland Aircraft Company
Despite a few early successful single and two-seat military biplane designs, de Havilland soon became frustrated with the Air Ministry's technical and procurement procedures and so he decided that the new company should concentrate on the fast emerging commercial and private aircraft market.
Initially, the new company struggled through a lack of investment and they made little impact.
In 1921, the company was approached by successful businessman Alan Butler who wanted them to build him a new DH37 aircraft and before long de Havilland and Butler became firm friends. In fact, Butler was so impressed by the men that built the aeroplane that he asked Geoffrey if they (the company) 'could do with some extra investment?'
Butler invested heavily in the company and helped fund the purchase of Stag Lane and became Chairman in 1924. This allowed de Havilland to concentrate on design whilst Butler concentrated on the business, developing the sales, marketing and production resources.
Often referred to as ‘The DH Enterprise’, the company quickly expanded its engine and propeller production, becoming a major provider to a network of aircraft producers, as well as establishing new manufacturing facilities in both Canada and Australia in the late 1920’s. In 1925, the company had designed and began production of the very successful Moth series of light aircraft which was to bring financial stability and success.
By 1930, The De Havilland Aircraft Company Limited had established Hatfield as its main manufacturing facility alongside the newly constructed A1 Trunk Road. Other factories supported its war effort, most notably at Leavesden and Witney in Oxfordshire.
A number of iconic aircraft followed such as the DH Dragon and DH Dragon Rapide before World War II saw a return to military types with the DH Mosquito. Despite being considered 'too radical' for the Ministry (who wanted a heavily armed, multi-role aircraft, De Havilland persevered in secrecy at nearby Salisbury Hall and what emerged proved to be one of the fastest and most successful fighter bombers of the era and its high-performance suited it to an unarmed, high-altitude reconnaissance role with over 7,780 aircraft taking to the skies.
During 1940, the company also expanded further with the acquisition of Airspeed Limited (see separate page) which operated at Portsmouth on the south-coast. Producing aircraft such as the Oxford, Horsa glider, Ambassador and Consul, Airspeed initially operated with its own product identity although by 1951 it had merged fully with The De Havilland Aircraft Company Limited and was completing production Vampire Trainers for the military.
Over the years De Havilland, the company and de Havilland, the family faced many set backs.
In 1943 the founder's 2nd eldest son John was killed in a freak mid-air collision in a Mosquito over St Albans, whilst in 1946, eldest son Geoffrey de Havilland Junior lost his life whilst carrying out high-speed trials in the DH108 Swallow, a tailless swept-wing aircraft.
Better times followed for a short period when company Company Test Pilot John Derry is believed to have been the first British pilot to exceed the sound barrier in the DH108 in 1948. Danger was always evident in the life of a test pilot and Derry himself, along with observer Tony Richards, were to tragically there in a crash at Farnborough Air Show on 6th Spetember 1952 whilst displaying a DH110 Sea Vixen.
The company then suffered its tragedies and biggest set backs with an aircraft considered to be 'one of the greatest technological advances of the age'.
The DH106 Comet, the worlds’ first pressurised jet airliner, suffered a series of crashes between October 1952 and April 1954. With aircraft grounded for 4 years, allowing the US Boeing Company to capture the valuable Trans-Atlantic market.
Metal fatigue, a new problem for aircraft construction, was found to be the cause and although Comet returned to service in 1958, the impetus had been lost.
The re-organisation of the aircraft industry at the end of the 1950's saw the De Havilland name survive although in 1963 it was renamed De Havilland Division of Hawker-Siddeley Aviation. It continued to produce many of its innovative designs such as the three-engine DH121 Trident and the DH125 Jet Dragon (later known as the HS125 / BAe125).
Innovation continued under British Aerospace well into the 1990's with major involvement in the A300 programme (HBN100) and HS / BAe146, one of the most successful of the European 'Feeder-liners'.
Hatfield was finally closed in 1993 and site today employs more people than it did during it's heyday.
|1920||De Havilland Aircraft Company Limited|
|1963||Hawker Siddeley Aviation Limited|
|1909||De Havilland Biplane No. 1||1932||DH84 Dragon|
|1910||De Havilland Biplane No. 2||1933||DH85 Leopard Moth|
|1922||DH27 Derby||1934||DH Technical School TK1|
|1922||DH29 Doncaster||1934||DH86 Express|
|1922||DH34||1934||DH87 Hornet Moth|
|1922||DH37||1934||DH88 Comet racer|
|1922||DH52 Glider||1934||DH89 Dragon Rapide|
|1923||DH50 / 50a / 50j Giant Moth||1935||DH Technical School C TK2|
|1923||DH53 Humming Bird||1935||DH90 Dragonfly|
|1924||DH42 Dormouse||1936||DH92 Dolphin|
|1924||DH42A & B Dingo||1937||DH Technical School TK4|
|1924||DH51 Airdisco||1937||DH91 Albatross|
|1925||DH54 Highclere||1937||DH93 Don|
|1925||DH56 Hyena||1937||DH94 Moth Minor|
|1925||DH60 Cirrus Moth / DH 60 Genet Moth||1938||DH Technical School TK 5|
|1926||DH66 Hercules||1938||DH95 Flamingo|
|1927||DH61 Giant Moth||1940||DH98 Mosquito & Sea Mosquito|
|1927||DH71 Tiger Moth racer||1943||DH100 Vampire & Sea Vampire|
|1928||DH65 Hound||1943||DH113 Vampire Night Fighter|
|1928||DH75 / 75a Hawk Moth||1944||DH103 Hornet & Sea Hornet|
|1929||DH67 / Gloster Survey||1945||DH104 Dove / Devon / Carstedt CJ600|
|1929||DH77 lightweight fighter||1945||DH115 Vampire Trainer|
|1929||DH80 / 80A Puss Moth||1946||DH108 Swallow|
|1931||Cierva C.24 2 seat autogiro||1949||DH106 Comet|
|1931||DH60G Moth / Moth Major||1949||DH112 Venom & Sea Venom|
|1931||DH60M Metal Moth||1950||DH114 Heron|
|1931||DH72 Canberra (Built by Gloster)||1951||DH110 Sea Vixen|
|1931||DH81 Swallow Moth||1962||DH121 Trident|
|1931||DH82 Tiger Moth||1962||DH125|
|1932||DH83 Fox Moth|