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De Havilland
DH100 Vampire

The first jet aircraft to take off and land from an aircraft carrier.
De Havilland DH100 Vampire F1 (TG370) Air to air De Havilland DH100 Vampire F1 (TG370) Air to air

 

The success of the Gloster Meteor led to De Havilland being approached to design and build an airframe for the Halford H1 turbojet engine (later to become the DH Goblin). 

Designated as the DH99 (initially named the ‘Spider Crab’) it was an all-metal design which was considered to be hugely experimental in its unorthodox arrangement of twin rear booms mounted behind a moulded, egg-shaped wood / aluminium fuselage and one single engine.  The relative low power of the early jet engines normally called for twin installations but Halfords engine proved to be extremely efficient, making single engine fighters a real possibility.

In order to maximise the efficiency of this new technology and to respond to Ministry recommendations, the design was modified into a mixed wood and metal construction which was re-designated DH100 Vampire.

The prototype DH100 (LZ548/G) was first flown on 20th September 1943 at Hatfield by Geoffery de Havilland Junior (son of the founder), albeit some 6 months after the Meteor, having been delayed by engine availability.

The first production DH Vampire (F.1) was actually produced by English Electric at Warton due to the production pressures and a lack of capacity at Hatfield.  Despite finally arriving after the end of the Second World War, the Vampire was eagerly awaited and became the second British jet fighter to see service with the RAF.  It was given the honour of leading the VE-Day flypast over London. 

The DH Vampire was the first RAF aircraft to be able to exceed 500 mph and its distinctive shape, with twin tail-boom and pod-like fuselage, made it instantly recognisable in the air and from the ground.

The main production version however, was to be the DH Vampire FB.5 fighter bomber (a modified DH Vampire F.3) and this variant was also be the basis for many of the export versions.  Separate night fighter and trainer models were produced as the DH113 and DH115 respectively (See seperate pages).

A number of DH100 Vampires were also modified for shipboard use such as the DH Sea Vampire and on 3rd December 1945, Captain Eric 'Winkle' Brown completed the first successful landing and take-off of a jet fighter from the Carrier HMS Ocean.  It was also the Royal Navy’s first jet fighter.

 

DH100 Sea Vampire F1 landing on HMS Ocean 3rd December 1945 DH100 Sea Vampire F1 landing on HMS Ocean 3rd December 1945

 

The type was very successful in the export market, providing many air forces with their first experience of jet fighter operations and around 30 air forces were ultimately to operate the type.  

Some fifty DH Vampire F1, F2 and FB variants were purchased by the Royal Australian Air Force in 1946 and although the majority were built with Goblin engines, the second aircraft was actually built with a Rolls-Royce Nene power-plant.

An experimental version of the DH Vampire featured an extended wingspan and a DH Ghost engine and it was this aircraft that was to set a World Altitude record of 59,446 ft in March 1948.  Later that year, 6 DH Vampire F3’s became the first jet fighters to fly across the Atlantic for an 'RAF Goodwill Tour of Canada'.

By the time production finally ended, 3,269 Vampires had been built in England and a further 1,067 built under licence abroad. The Vampre remained as a front-line fighter for the RAF until 1953, after which it was retained only in the pilot training and refresher role.
 
Elsewhere, the aircraft had surprisingly longevity with large numbers still in service in several air forces in the 1980s. The Swiss Air Force was the last Vampire user, retiring their sizeable fleet of DH Vampire FB.6s and T.55s from active service as late as 1990.
 

The DH100 Vampire finally retired from RAF service in 1966, being replaced by the Hawker Hunter and Gloster Javelin.  

There are large numbers of airworthy aircraft still flying today, predominantly due to its simple design and relatively easy maintenance.  

In addition, there are over a hundred aircraft kept in superb condition and on display at museums around the world.

 DH100 Vampire Image Gallery

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DH100 Vampire F.Mk1 (TG278) air to air 31st August 1945
DH100 Vampire F.Mk1

DH100 Vampire F.Mk1 (TG278) air to air 31st August 1945

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DH100 Vampire F.Mk1's (TG278 & TG285) outside hangar in 'naval stack'.
DH100 Vampire F.Mk1's

DH100 Vampire F.Mk1's (TG278 & TG285) outside hangar in 'naval stack'.

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DH100 Vampire F.Mk3 (17053) Line up of 6 aircraft of 410 Sqdn Royal Canadian Air Force 30th June 1949
DH100 Vampire F.Mk3

DH100 Vampire F.Mk3 (17053) 6 aircraft of 410 Sqdn Royal Canadian Air Force on 30th June 1949

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DH100 Vampire F.1 Norwegian Air Force over river
DH100 Vampire F.1 Norwegian Air Force over river

DH100 Vampire F.1 Norwegian Air Force over river

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DH100 Vampire FB.Mk3 4 aircraft for Nowegian AF on ground
DH100 Vampire FB.Mk3

DH100 Vampire FB.Mk3: 4 aircraft for Nowegian Air Force preparing to depart Hatfield

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DH100 Sea Vampire F.20 (VV149) Air to air 1948
DH100 Sea Vampire F.20

DH100 Sea Vampire F.20 (VV149) Air to air in 1948

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DH100 Vampire Mk.1 (TG386) Air to air
DH100 Vampire Mk.1

DH100 Vampire Mk.1 (TG386) with drop tanks air to air

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DH100 Vampire F.3 (VF345) Air to air 1949
DH100 Vampire F.3

DH100 Vampire F.3 (VF345) Air to air in 1949

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DH100 Vampire FB.Mk30 prototype (A79-1) Royal Australian Air Force on ground
DH100 Vampire FB.Mk30

DH100 Vampire FB.Mk30 prototype (A79-1) Royal Australian Air Force on ground

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DH100 Vampire FB.5 (VV217) Air to air 8th March 1949
DH100 Vampire FB.5

DH100 Vampire FB.5 (VV217) Air to air on 8th March 1949

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DH100 Vampire FBMk52 Indian AF (HB757& HB756) production
DH100 Vampire FBMk52

DH100 Vampire FBMk52 Indian AF (HB757& HB756) production

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Variants & Numbers built (single seat aircraft)

Mark Description
DH100                         
3 Prototypes    
Initially known as ‘Spider Crab’. Powered by 2,700 lbst DH Goblin 1
DH Vampire F.1
244 built          
Initial production with square top fins. 3,100 lbst Goblin 2 after 40th aircraft. Maximum weight 10,480 lb. Pressurised cockpit and drop tank provision from 51st aircraft onward. 70 sold to Sweden and operated as the J28A.
DH Vampire Mk 2
2 conversions
Converted from F.1 (plus one new build airframe) powered by 4,500 lb Rolls-Royce Nene. Fitted with dorsal intakes to provide airflow to Nene double-sided compressor. Served as prototypes for Australian Vampire FB.30.
DH Vampire F.3
2 Prototypes and 202 built
Revised tail surfaces of a more ‘de Havilland’ shape; tailplane chord increased. First flown 4 November 1946. Prototypes from F.1 and of production aircraft, 20 exported to Norway. Maximum weight increased to 11,970 lb. 86 aircraft sold to Canada and 20 to Norway.
DH Vampire FB.5
1,018 built
Fighter bomber variant. The most important production version with 88 of these being exported. Reduced wingspan (from 40 ft to 38 ft) with square tips and longer stroke undercarriage. 67 kits built in Britain for assembly in France for the French Air Force, followed by 183 built in France. These in turn were followed by 247 SNCASE SE535 Mistral (or Vampire FB.53) powered by the 5,000 lbst Hispano-built RR Nene 102.
DH Vampire FB. 6
178 built
Export variant, also built under licence in Switzerland with 100 for use by the Swiss Air Force. 3,350 lbst DH Goblin 3.
DH Vampire FB. 9
50 built
Tropical variant with cockpit air conditioning. Used by the RAF in Aden and Malaya. Built by Fairey Aviation at Stockport / Ringway with 19 being sold to Rhodesian Air Force. 
DH Vampire Mk.8
1 built
Fitted with DH Ghost engine, converted from F.1.
DH Sea Vampire
F.Mk 20
2 Prototypes and 18 production built.
Sea Vampire based on FB.5 with arrester hook, strengthened wing and undercarriage and increased flap and air brake areas. Built by English Electric, Preston.
DH Sea Vampire
F. Mk 21
6 Conversions
Sea Vampire modified from F.3 for flexible deck aircraft carrier belly landing trials.
DH Vampire FB.25
25 built
Export variant for New Zealand.
DH Vampire FB.30
57 built
Nene-powered Vampire for the RAAF. Built by de Havilland Australia, powered by 5,000 lbst Australian-built RR Nene2-VH. Initially with dorsal intakes, later removed. First Australian-built aircraft flown 29 June 1948.
DH Vampire FB.31
23 built and 28 conversions
Aircraft for RAAF, plus FB.30 conversions to FB.31.
DH Vampire F.32
1 or 2 built
Australian aircraft with cockpit air conditioning.
DH Vampire FB.50
310 built
Export version for Sweden. Swedish Air force designation J28B.
DH Vampire FB.51
1 Prototype
Single prototype exported to France
DH Vampire FB.52
101 built 
Export version including 36 for Norway. Other operators included Egypt, Finland, India, Iraq, Venezuela
DH Vampire FB.52A
80 built
Italian version, built under licence by Fiat / Macchi.
DH Vampire FB.53 Alternative designation of SE535 Mistral
 

Specifications (Vampire FB.5)

Powerplant       3,100 lbst De Havilland Goblin 2
Span  38 ft 0 in
Maximum Weight   12,360 lb
Capacity Single Pilot
Armament 4 20mm Hispano cannon, underwing provision for drop tanks, two 1,000lb bombs or eight 3 inch rocket projectiles
Maximum Speed  535 mph
Maximum Range  1,170 miles

Survivors (single seat aircraft)

There are many Vampire aircraft still flying around the world, some in private hands . A large number of aircraft are also displayed in museums in the many nations which operated the type. The list below covers only a selection of the surviving aircraft. (See also the pages for the DH113 and DH115, night fighter and trainer variants of the type, respectively.)

DH Vampire F.3                    
(VP770)
Aerospace Museum, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
www.asmac.ab.ca
DH Vampire F.3
VP775
Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
www.casmuseum.techno-science.ca
DH Vampire FB.6 Volandia Aviation Museum, Malpensa, Italy
www.volandia.it
DH Vampire FB.52 Norwegian Historical Squadron, Rygge Flystasjon, Norway.
www.historicalsquadron.no
DH Vampire FB.52 Norsk Luftfartsmuseum, Bodø, Norway
DH Vampire
(V0184/ZK-U)
www.luftfartsmuseum.no
DH Vampire FB. 6 Rahmi M Koç Museum, Istanbul, Turkey
www.rmk-museum.org.tr
DH Vampire F.1
(VF301)
Midland Air Museum, Coventry Airport, United Kingdom
www.midlandairmuseum.co.uk
DH Sea Vampire F.1 Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton, United Kingdom 
DH Vampire
(LZ551/G)
www.fleetairarm.com
DH Vampire FB.6
(J-1008)
De Havilland Museum, London Colney, United Kingdom
www.dehavillandmuseum.co.uk
DH Vampire F.3 Planes of Fame, Grand Canyon Valle Airport, Valle Arizona, USA
www.planesoffame.org
DH Vampire FB.5 / FB.55
(4 aircraft) 
South African Air Force Museum, Swartkop AFB, South Africa
 www.saafmuseum.org.za

Other information